Every person is unique in his own way. No two people have exactly the same characteristics or personality. There are plenty of nice people in the world; but sadly, there are also a lot of mean people. Why are there mean people, anyway? What has made them act and speak the way they do?
Well, it is quite easy to figure out the motivations of people getting along with others. Humans are social beings that need to have positive relationships. Society will not exist if people do not get along and cooperate with one another. Nevertheless, some people stay mean due to a number of reasons.
Positive distinctiveness, for instance, is one reason why some people are mean. According to the social identity theory, humans have a psychological need for positive distinctiveness. This means that they need to feel unique from other people in a positive manner. Such need extends to groups that they belong to.
Individuals tend to view their in-groups better than their out-groups. They display favoritism towards the members of their group. Because of this, people who are not part of the group are perceived as outcasts and not treated very well. This is especially true when they seem to challenge the identity of others.
According to researchers, individuals tend to boost their self-esteem when they are able to degrade people that are not part of their group. Conversely, the social comparison theory states that it is natural for people to compare themselves with other people. Such comparison can either make them feel better or worse about themselves.